The Wasatch Mountains
The park sits on the western edge of the Wasatch Range, which is part of the larger Rocky Mountains. The Wasatch Range includes some of the oldest rocks in Utah, and these can be seen throughout Camp Floyd State Park. The rocks are sedimentary in nature and formed during the Paleozoic Era (approximately 250-540 million years ago). Tectonic forces eventually uplifted These sedimentary layers into their current position over millions of years. The Wasatch Mountains offer visitors the opportunity to see sedimentary layers that have been exposed and eroded away by wind, water, and ice over time.
The Wasatch Fault
The Wasatch Fault runs through the park, cutting across many of the rock formations in the region. The Wasatch Fault is the main geological feature within Camp Floyd State Park and has been a major factor in shaping the landscape. This fault line runs along the park's western edge, cutting through several sedimentary rock formations. In fact, this fault line was responsible for uplifting some of these rocks to their current position. The Wasatch Fault is a strike-slip fault, meaning that two opposing blocks of rock are being pushed together as the Earth's crust shifts. This movement can cause earthquakes and has been responsible for several significant seismic events in the past.
The Lake Bonneville Formation
The Lake Bonneville Formation is another major geologic feature within the park. This formation consists of an ancient lake bed that was created by the receding waters of Lake Bonneville. Lake Bonneville once covered much of Utah, and its presence has significantly impacted the geology of Camp Floyd State Park. The retreating water left behind numerous sedimentary layers which are visible in the park today. The Lake Bonneville Formation is composed of various rock types, including shale, limestone, and sandstone. Visitors can see many of these features throughout the park today.
Utah Lake is the state's largest freshwater lake, and its presence has had a major impact on the geology of Camp Floyd State Park. The lake is fed by numerous rivers, streams, and springs in the area, all of which have carved out various channels and canyons throughout the park. Utah Lake’s shoreline was once much larger than it is today, and the receding water has left behind numerous features that can be seen in the park. The lake is home to numerous species of fish, birds, and other wildlife. Its presence has also greatly impacted the regional climate, providing a unique environment for many plants and animals that call Camp Floyd State Park home.