Prehistoric and Native American History
Before the arrival of the settlers in Cedar City, the area was home to a variety of Native American tribes. The Paiute and Anasazi tribes are believed to have lived in this region as early as 1000 BC. Evidence of their habitation can be found throughout the city, particularly near Coal Creek where there are ancient rock art panels depicting images of animals and people. These Native American tribes left behind a unique cultural legacy that is still visible today. Fossil remains of mastodons and mammoths have been found in the area, suggesting a much older period of habitation.
The discovery of coal in Cedar City's Iron County Coal Mine in 1881 led to a period of rapid growth for the city. The mine was the largest in Utah and rapidly became one of the most important sources of fuel energy for the entire state. The coal industry provided jobs to many people, and soon other industries began to develop around it. The first railroad line in that area was built in 1895 to connect Cedar City with the mining town of Parowan. The coal industry played a major role in the development of Cedar City, and even today it remains an important part of the local economy. Cedar City's mining history is deeply rooted in its past, and its residents continue to be proud of their heritage.